Stem Cell Therapy
What is stem cell therapy?
Stem cell therapy is a procedure in which stem cells are implanted into damaged or diseased tissue to promote regeneration and repair. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells in the human body with the ability to mature into various cell types such as blood cells, cartilage cells, and repair cells. A specific type of stem cells called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are commonly used for treatment of orthopedic conditions, as they can be manipulated to differentiate specifically into bone or cartilage cells. They also promote regeneration of native bone cells.
Who is a good candidate for stem cell therapy?
Stem cell therapy most commonly treats the following conditions:
- Back pain due to disc-related disorders
- Joint pain due to osteoarthritis
Autologous adult stem cells are being used to treat many types of chronic pain and degeneration. Currently, doctors are treating shoulder, knee, hip, and spine degeneration, in addition to soft tissue (muscle, tendon, ligament) and other bone related injuries.
How is it done?
Here at Hudson Medical, we use same-day procedures and autologous bone marrow samples, meaning that the bone marrow sample is from the patient’s own body. On the day of the procedure, we take a bone marrow sample from the patient’s hip, capture the stem cells, and re-inject them into the damaged area along with growth factors and healing factors from the patient’s blood to aid in the body’s natural healing process. While some patients feel better within a week of stem cell therapy, patients should allow 6-8 weeks to notice improvements with continued improvement for up to 6 months or longer.
What are the benefits and risks of stem cell therapy?
The benefits of stem cell therapy include:
- Safe: Because the stem cells are obtained from the patient’s own body, there is no risk of developing an allergic or immunologic reaction to the injectate.
- Minimally-invasive: Stem cell therapy is minimally invasive, meaning that there is minimal risk of complications.
- Avoidance of invasive surgery: Stem cell therapy administered in concert with PRP injections often leads to avoidance of joint surgery or decreased dependence on pain medications.
- All-natural: By using your own harvested stem cells, you are giving your body a chance to heal itself naturally.
While risks are rare, they include the following:
- Infection at the injection site
- Pain at the injection site