Sports-related injuries

What are sports-related injuries?

The most common sports injuries are strains and sprains. Sprains are injuries to ligaments, the tough bands connecting bones in a joint. Suddenly stretching ligaments past their limits deforms or tears them. Strains are injuries to muscle fibers or tendons, which anchor muscles to bones. Strains are caused by overstretching or overusing a muscle, which causes tears in the muscle fibers or tendons.

What causes sports-related injuries?

Sports-related injuries are most commonly caused by poor training methods; structural abnormalities; weakness in muscles, tendons, ligaments; and unsafe exercising environments.


Symptoms will vary, depending on the type and severity of the injury.

Sprain symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Limited ability to move the affected joint
  • Hearing or feeling a “pop” in your joint (at time of injury)

Strain symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Muscle spasms
  • Limited ability to move the affected muscle


Physical Therapy

The goal of physical therapy is to make daily tasks and activities easier. It helps you move better and may relieve pain. It also helps improve or restore your physical function and your fitness level.

Treatments (cont.)

Trigger Point Injections (TPI)

Trigger Point Injections is a procedure used to treat painful areas of muscle that contain trigger points, or knots of muscle that form when muscles do not relax. Trigger points may irritate the nerves around them and cause referred pain, or pain that is felt in another part of the body. In the TPI procedure, a health care professional inserts a small needle into the patient’s trigger point. The injection contains a local anesthetic or saline and may include a corticosteroid. With the injection, the trigger point is made inactive and the pain is alleviated.

Tendon Injections

This treatment is suggested when the tissues around a tendon are painful, swollen, or difficult to move. Tendon sheath injections on their own are unlikely to offer a cure but can be helpful alongside other treatments such as physiotherapy, splinting, and other longer-term medicines.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

How Platelet-rich plasma therapy works. Although blood is mainly a liquid (called plasma), it also contains small solid components (red cells, white cells, and platelets.) The platelets are best known for their importance in clotting blood. However, platelets also contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors which are very important in the healing of injuries.


Various treatments are available for sports-related injuries.

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